Heidy Lorena Merchán Moya, Carlos de Jesús Torres Ceja y Nora Edith Rangel Bernal
Universidad de Guadalajara
Descargar / Download PDF: http://dx.doi.org/10.5514/rmac.v47.i1.79749
Palabras clave: estilos interactivos, diferencias individuales, contingencia abierta, contingencia cerrada, personalidad, comportamiento humano.
This study assessed the effect of the explicitness of different response criteria referred to achievement or referred to the preferences of others individuals on interactive styles in a simulated risk-taking situation. The study used a within-subject design in which 12 college students participated. Participants were exposed to three phases under conditions of open contingencies, in which no specific response criteria were presented; and closed contingencies, in which participants received information on: a) achievement criteria for obtaining points (Group 1); b) the preference of other individuals to bet in the conservative component (Group 2); c) the preference of other individuals for betting on the risk-taking option. It was found that, under open contingencies, most participants showed individual and idiosyncratic styles of behavior; while under closed contingencies, most individuals adjusted to the requirement that operated in their group, with a higher effect in Groups 2 and 3. The results discuss the modulation of interactive styles and the implication of prescribing criteria that involves other individuals participating under a similar contingency.
Key words: interactive styles, individual differences, open contingency, closed contingency, personality, human behavior